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📖/read/ing - Something few people seem to do📚️ Comrade 10/12/2020 (Mon) 15:26:02 No. 4956 [Reply]
Hello and welcome comrades!, this is a reading club thread, we will be reading and discussing Marxist theory books. We've already started and completed reading and discussing The Communist Manifesto and The Principles of Communism yesterday. Anyone can join the reading club, if you want to read and understand theory and you're serious about it then don't be afraid to join! we're still reading the basics so you don't have to be intimidated. Our current reading list: https://leftyread.neocities.org/ /leftytrash/ matrix community link: https://matrix.to/#/+leftytrash:matrix.org /read/ matrix room link: https://matrix.to/#/#leftyread:matrix.org Also we are closely related to the /GET/ Reading group who helped us make our own reading group: >>>/GET/86343
Edited last time by krates on 11/26/2020 (Thu) 03:10:36.
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>>6388 I'm seconding that you should join us in /read/ and figure out a new reading group from there. That's what we originally did, actually. Some of us joined the /GET/ reading group in the same day, and we ended up deciding to start our own thing, and that's /read/. We're still in close contact with our /GET/ frens, it's nice having contact with people who have read more theory than us. I'm sure some of our new/inactive members would be willing to start a new thing. Hit us up and we can figure it out. We could put the new room under the same Matrix community as /read/ and the /GET/ group, so the three can be 'interconnected' while still being their own independent things.

Capital in the 21st century Comrade 01/19/2021 (Tue) 09:49:10 No. 6496 [Reply]
Is this book worthy of reading?
The general view on Das Kapital today is that it's an interesting book for historical purposes, and got some things right, but also got a lot of other things very wrong (such as the labor theory of value). It's not actually a book on economics as much as it's 'political economy' and an attempt to describe the process of economic history in a Hegelian sense. Marx and/or Das Kapital is not taught in economics curriculum because Das Kapital didn't contribute meaningfully to modern economics, which is based around mathematical modeling and empirical evidence. For those who want to talk about Marx, to erect statues in his memory or to defend him as a philosopher, it is high time to discover some intellectual integrity and face up to the crimes committed in his name. It is wrong to say, as one commonly hears in some circles, that his program of Communism was a good idea, but poorly implemented. On the contrary, it was a bad idea from the start and the brutality that always accompanied it was a consequence of its core character.
>>6498 Everything in this post is wrong, including the fact that OP was about a book from Thomas Piketty, not Karl Marx.
>>6498 lmao please go back to /lit/ so we can tell you to go back to /pol/.

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I don't understand marx Comrade 01/20/2021 (Wed) 04:35:33 No. 6497 [Reply]
Since I've started studying marxism a few years ago, I've had issues with learning or focusing. I just can't sit down and learn something - I simply can't. I can't even read a page in capital without getting bored or losing track of my thoughts. And I just can't get any new information into my brain - I'm trying so hard, and I've tried all different kinds of techniques - but I'm just tired, I'm losing the energy to do this. I've been dealing with depression a lot, so that might be relevant as well I don't have these issues when the stuff I have to read is really exciting for me, but if it just appears slightly irrelevant to me, I completely lose my motivation. I perform really well in the philosophy of logic, because it's something you have to understand and not learn . Once you know how to do it, you can make use of it. But when it comes to learning, I perform very badly. I enviously look at my colleagues, because even the laziest will still manage to learn something in order to pass the exam, while I am just mentally incapable of learning something new. The thing is, I've already figured that marxism is most likely not the right thing for me. I will have nothing to do with the knowledge anyway because I'm from Ukraine where communism is illegal. Studying in general is not for me - I'm more of a practical guy, I need to do things, touch things with my hands and disassemble them to learn how they work. Even ritalin doesn't help.
>>6497 ok midwit
Read this: https://libcom.org/files/Perlman%20-%20The%20Reproduction%20of%20Daily%20Life.pdf Read a chapter of it, they are very short. Minimize the window, and try writing a quick summary of what you have just read. Read it again and compare it with your summary. If your summary was off (at first it will be), minimize the windows again and write a new one from scratch. Go through the whole thing in this manner. At first it will be very exhausting but it works. After this, do the same with these: http://www.notbored.org/marxisms.pdf https://www.marxists.org/archive/korsch/1934/why-marxist.htm These together with the first will give you a strong foundation that will enable you to understand the logic of Marx instead of trying to memorizing his arguments.
>>6497 Read these books to learn how to learn: >how to read a book >making it stick >deep work >atomic habits If you are a retard, and know you are a retard who's brain has been fried by the internet, then read those books and teach yourself how you learn again. Then go tackle difficult books. Start slow and fix your fundamentals. You don't go bench press without knowing proper form.

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blue eyes and alcoholism Comrade 12/02/2020 (Wed) 08:56:56 No. 6159 [Reply]
https://rdw.rowan.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?referer=https://www.google.com/&httpsredir=1&article=2571&context=etd https://www.health.com/condition/alcoholism/people-with-this-eye-color-may-have-a-greater-risk-of-alcoholism People with blue eyes are more prone to alcohol addiction, which makes sense if you take into account their greater social inhibition. For many alcohol can be a way to feel free of inhibitions, so while darker eyed people may be more likely to drink to feel less depressed (if they are socially disadvantaged espec), light eyed people are more likely to drink to become more impulsive. But ofc, blue eyes aren't making someone less impulsive. It's a Neanderthal trait, so anyone with it is more likely to have another set of Neanderthal traits, correlated with being antisocial.
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>>6159 fuck you i have blue as shit eyes but i only drink cause it makes me feel good, i drink alone most of the time, who cares about inhibition
The good news is that, in the words of the immortal Bill Hicks "there's better drugs and better drugs for you"
>>6406 alcohol by itself feels nice but there's a special kind of awful if you're a binge drinker like me. I always feel that drinking is improved when combined with weed, keeps me from binge drinking.
>>6411 what are they? drinking is one of the most enjoyable drugs that ive ever tried, and it doesnt have really any comedown or after-effects if you keep it modest and stay hydrated and full of mineralz
Maybe be because blue eyes people lives in zones where drink alcohol is very common (Scotland, Ireland, Germany, etc)

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My professor gave us this math lesson on white privilege. Comrade 01/09/2021 (Sat) 21:04:47 No. 6473 [Reply]
Do you agree with her? (This is a manual thread copy, so the first three posts will look like I'm talking to myself.)
1 post omitted.
I thought this was going to be absolute turboshite. I suggest anybody who wants to REEEE about it actually watches the whole three minutes. (End of reposting.)
reeee privilege reeee
The premise is wrong, so falls the logic. In what world are white males at the top? Maybe maybe come into this century & look around.
>>6491 In the real world.
Watch to the end, it's all right Obviously it's not communist, but it's at least not right wing

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Language Learning General Comrade 01/09/2021 (Sat) 15:48:19 No. 6470 [Reply]
Share tips and recommendations. Good general advice can be found in Gabriel Wyner's Fluent Forever. Two thirds of the book is him chanting that you should use flashcards. You can use physical cards for spaced repetition or use software. IMHO the biggest pro of software flashcards is that they can play sound. Anki is a popular free flashcard software, with many people sharing decks https://ankiweb.net/shared/decks/ (though it's strongly recommended that you build your own or at least tweak the cards since that drastically boosts how well you remember stuff). Last thread got nuked in an act of cyber-terrorism by mad ex-jannies, but you didn't miss much. Some guy recommended these articles by Luke Smith who isn't as fond of autistic vocab drills as I am: https://lukesmith.xyz/articles/learning-languages https://lukesmith.xyz/articles/other-langs https://lukesmith.xyz/articles/michel-thomas The Michel Thomas Method (TM) forces you to talk in full sentences in the new language right from the start. It begins with very simple sentences that expand and get more and more elaborate. Even though the vocabulary is kept small, your sentences soon get very long.
Here's the method from Fluent Forever so you don't have to waste your time reading the full book: https://tim.blog/2014/07/16/how-to-learn-any-language-in-record-time-and-never-forget-it/
I'd like to learn a language by reading some essays twice, in two languages. More comfy than reading two books side by side would be a single book with each sentence done in both languages right under each other. Even better would be the new language with the gloss between original and translation or instead of the translation. The gloss is a word-for-word translation instead of sentence translation. The info from the gloss is usually enough to translate something even when not familiar with a language. It's common for linguists to present sentences with a gloss. But do books with glossified longer texts even exist?
> https://www.languagetransfer.org/ What do you think of this? I have it saved but I don't remember why I saved it.
>>6490 Just gave it a quick look, seems good. Their style of teaching appears similar to Michel Thomas and they run on donations.

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/edu/ checkpoint Comrade 08/24/2020 (Mon) 16:25:44 No. 3434 [Reply] [Last]
Hello comrades. I propose a general thread in an attempt to get the /edu/ ball rolling again. Everytime you visit /edu/, post in this thread. Tell us about what you're thinking about, what you're reading, an interesting thing you have learned today, anything! Just be sure to pop in and say hi.
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Finished "A History of Psychology" by Mikhail Yaroshevsky, published in the USSR in 1990. It starts with psychological conceptions of the ancient Greeks. Did you know that they already did vivisection of the brain of animals back then to check what part does what? "Experiments were carried out not only upon animals but even on human beings (criminals who had been condemned to death)." Freud really shrinks to an unremarkable figure when you have broader context. Pavlov and Vigotsky get far more attention in the book and rightly so.
Hi, I watching lectures on LISP right now.
I'm reading "Understanding Syntax" by Maggie Tallerman. My hope was that this book could directly help me programming something with some limited ability for figuring out syntax (I'm mostly interested in automatic summarizing), but the presentation is too informal for that. The author lists many names for particular components of sentences and what kind of checks you can make to figure out whether you guessed the correct name for the component. These checks often rely on your own understanding as an adult human speaker of English. Does this particular switcheroo result in an ungrammatical sentence? This approach won't work for a program (unless the program gets to manage a budget for outsourcing these questions to humans) :/
Im watching this video and from 3:57 onwards I'm stuck because I can't understand what he's saying https://youtu.be/emnYMfjYh1Q?t=242 It's advanced english
>>6488 There are captions available. Is it that you can't hear or that you literally don't understand the words?

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Slave society and feudalism Comrade 01/12/2021 (Tue) 19:29:45 No. 6482 [Reply]
I need someone to give me a rundown of how does society develop from the end of tribal society up to birth of feudal one.What are the conditions that lead to creation of slave society and lead to its demise? What contradictions are at play here? My understanding is that first large scale agriculture and with it city states are established. You get social stratification into commoners, nobility and priests. Why does this happen? Do priests and nobles start as mere bureaucrats, organizing production and distribution of food, and over the time solidify their position on top of society? I am also not quite clear on the reasons why do these city states proceeds to enslave their neighbours. Is because work, particularly farming, sucks and nobody wants to do it, so the citizens of the city state get slaves for it, and thus the main antagonism is between free citizens and slaves? From what I remember from history, the most important class conflicts in Athens were between rising merchant class and nobility, and in Rome between nobility and plebeians. Ancient city states were oligarchies, but when they expand and become empires, the power seems to concentrate in a hands of single ruler. Why? Also, why does the similar thing happen in feudal kingdoms? In early middle ages, nobility had substantial independence from king, yet during late middle ages came absolutism. At the end, when Roman empire collapsed, why did the newly settled tribes establish feudal relations between nobility and peasantry, rather that slave society?
>>6482 >My understanding is that first large scale agriculture and with it city states are established. You get social stratification into commoners, nobility and priests. Why does this happen? Do priests and nobles start as mere bureaucrats, organizing production and distribution of food, and over the time solidify their position on top of society? I think the stratification happened even before agriculture. Sadly we don't have writing about how exactly the society before class-society. But I think the Chinese has more details on pre-civilization society than the Western sources. Let take the Book of Lord Shang, which was alleged to be a collection of sayings of Shangyang, a famous Chinese politician in 4rd century BC https://ctext.org/shang-jun-shu/opening-and-debarring >During the time when heaven and earth were established, and the people were produced, people knew their mothers but not their fathers. Their way was to love their relatives and to be fond of what was their own. From loving their relatives came discrimination, and from fondness of what was their own, insecurity. As the people increased and were preoccupied with discrimination and insecurity, they fell into disorder. At that time, people were intent on excelling others and subjected each other by means of force; the former led to quarrels, and the latter to disputes. If in disputes there were no justice, no one would be satisfied; therefore men of talent established equity and justice and instituted unselfishness, so that people began to talk of moral virtue. At that time, the idea of loving one's relatives began to disappear, and that of honouring talent arose. In this passage, Shangyang was talking about the stage, which Engels called "savagery". In this stage, the main relationship between people was blood-tied. I think at the end of this stage, Shangyang stated that there were "men of talents", in other word, a group of people who were excellent in organization tasks, or simple noble. >Now virtuous men are concerned with love and the way of talented men is to outvie one another. As people increased and were not restrained and had for long been in the way of outvying one another, there was again disorder. Therefore a sage, who received the administration, made divisions of land and property, of men and women. Divisions having been established, it was necessary to have restraining measures, so he instituted interdicts. These being instituted, it was necessary to have those who could enforce them. Thereupon he established officials. These having been established, it was necessary to have some one to unify them. So he set up a prince. Once a prince had been set up, the idea of honouring talent disappeared, and that of prizing honour arose. Thus in the highest antiquity, people loved their relatives and were fond of what was their own; in middle antiquity, they honoured talent and talked of moral virtue; and in later days, they prized honour and respected office. Honouring talent means outvying one another with doctrines, but setting up a prince means relegating talented men to unemployment. Loving one's relatives means making selfishness one's guiding principle, but the idea of equity and justice is to prevent selfishness from holding the field. But these three methods did not aim at antagonistic purposes. The guiding principles of the people are base and they are not consistent in what they value. As the conditions in the world change, different principles are practised. Therefore it is said that there is a fixed standard in a king's principles. In this passage, Shangyang talked about the flow of history, the transition between stages. He identified three stages, which I think were corresponding to Engels' three stages too (savagery, barbarian, civilization): 1. Highest antiquity: people loved their (blood) relatives and were fond of what was their own; (savagery, this may be the era where warfare and cannibalism was common) 2. Middle antiquity: they honoured talent and talked of moral virtue (I think this is the period of ancient communism, or barbarian. This period is quite peaceful if we believed what the scientists talked about the relation between brain size and aggressiveness. 10000 BC is a period where human brain size was quite small compared to previous era) 3. Later days, they prized honour and respected office. (100% the era of statehood, in other word, civilization) Interestingly, Shangyang also said that private property existed before the state (basically in agreement with Engels), as >Therefore a sage, who received the administration, made divisions of land and property, of men and women. Divisions having been established, it was necessary to have restraining measures, so he instituted interdicts. These being instituted, it was necessary to have those who could enforce them. Thereupon he established officials. These having been established, it was necessary to have some one to unify them. So he set up a prince.

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Catalyst pdfs Comrade 07/22/2020 (Wed) 04:57:56 No. 2651 [Reply]
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(15.75 MB Catalyst-013.pdf)
(7.77 MB Catalyst-014.pdf)
>>6089 end of pdf dump
>>2651 What is "catalyst"?
>>6095 Jacobin’s theory journal.
Since files got nuked - could you guys repost?
>>6476 Try now.


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