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Comrade 05/13/2020 (Wed) 16:07:07 No. 1603 [Reply]
I'm looking for book recommendations on Operaismo, Operation Gladio and the Marshall Plan. If anyone has suggestions, then it would be much appreciated.
here's the obvious one
>>1603 Are these letters soyfacing?
>>3791 Brain damage as a result of forced memes.
>>1603 These are not books entirely about what you requested but there is good info on Operation Gladio and the Marshall Plan in these PDFs
>>3791 someone make a tronti soyfacing wojak >>3797 thank you! I really appreciate it

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Comrade 05/14/2020 (Thu) 05:00:09 No. 1617 [Reply]
Drop those PDF's or else
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Missing volume 5. The FBI report in volume 6 on his Essay on Liberation is really funny lol.

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Investing Comrade 07/25/2020 (Sat) 02:45:44 No. 2699 [Reply]
Since /crisis/ general isn't helpful at all and 4/biz/ is shill central. Educate me on things like cryptocurrency, inflation, pumps, different economic sectors like tech...
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best video to teach you these things https://youtu.be/8wAYb-PnRGY
>>2703 BUY HIGH SELL LOW >>2699 For crypto, if you sign up on Coinbase it gives you a bunch of opportunities to get free crypto. Basically it let's you watch 'informational courses' that are ads that shill for any given particular shitcoin, and then gives you anywhere from $10-$50 USD in that shitcoin. Then it's just the investment game. You can do buy-low-sell-high since you've a fair amount of startup coin, or you could try to follow 'market trends,' which in the realm of crypto is literally just scamming. Crypto is literal speculation around fucking monopoly money, it has no actual point, but there's still a shitton that can be made off of it. Even the retarded belief in meme-magic that /biz/ believes gives any given shitcoin value is to some extent true, as when they meme the coin, people start buying the coin, thus giving the coin value. It's all ponzi schemes for crypto, so if you stay on top of the schemes and scams, you can make a pretty penny. Real stocks are of course (slightly) less fake, so that's a bigboy game I am far less knowledgeable about.
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Don't listen to any of these faggots. The real money is made through placing well informed and strategic option calls. You need at least 1k of savings to do it effectively from my understanding and massive cahones.
>>2729 Explain option calls.

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Are microeconomics and macroeconomics bullshit? Comrade 08/17/2020 (Mon) 06:42:31 No. 3017 [Reply]
I'm not sure if I am being too contrarian, but I think that maybe economics was split into micro and macro as an effort to destroy the LToV. Seeing that Microeconomics was built upon the assumption of the bourgeois economist Alfred Marshall and his conception of marginal utility, I hold a lot of skepticism. Pair that with Keynes- a student of Marshal- who later built the conception that the economy's malaise was due problems with aggregate demand via Mashall's axioms that supply and demand determine value, then I feel loss. I basically believe these divisions are arbitrary, yet I'm not sure how far I can go against the grain. Are there books from the perspective of a classical economist or Marxist who deals with this topic. I was inspired a lot by Cockshott in this regard.
microeconomics is basically pseudoscience on the same tier as Jungian psychoanalysis. it’s all just speculation without any falsifiability. I don’t think it’s intentional, just that lolberts and neolibs are too divorced from reality to see it.
>>3021 I understand that as the majority of microeconomics, and economics as a whole, is divorced from political economy. Microeconomics particularly ignores any repucussions to society; instead focusing on a framework of atomised firms. Ideology is left to fill in gaps. Particularly, the emhasis on exchange value ("commodity fetishism") which I would argue the majority of macroeconomics seems to make the mistake as well. The gravitas of value is simply underestimated at best.
Micro/macro split has been shrinking in relevance since the Lucas critique. It isn't really a thing anymore.
>>3431 US colleges still split into separate classes
>>3747 They're different lenses suited for different problems but micro still acknowledges the wider society and macro still acknowledges the individual. The perspectives aren't at odds.

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Marxism-Leninism-Maoism Q&A Comrade 04/04/2020 (Sat) 03:36:51 No. 316 [Reply]
This is not a debate thread. I encourage debate on this topic to happen in /leftypol/, as it would have anyway. This is an /edu/cational thread only. Marxism-Leninism-Maoism, the third and highest stage of communist theory, was synthesized in 1982 by the Peruvian Communist Party (known in bourgeois sources by the epithet "Sendero Luminoso"). Here is the document they published concerning this: http://library.redspark.nu/1982_-_Maoism._On_Marxism-Leninism-Maoism Parties and organizations that uphold MLM theory in the modern day include: >Communist Party of Ecuador – Red Sun >Peru People’s Movement (Reorganisation Committee) >Communist Party of Brazil (Red Faction) >Red Faction of the Communist Party of Chile >Maoist Organization for the Reconstitution of the Communist Party of Columbia >Revolutionary Nucleus for the Reconstitution of the Communist Party of Mexico >Communist Party of Turkey/Marxist-Leninist >Committee Red Flag, FRG >Maoist Communist Party, French State Red Flag Collective, Finland >Committees for the Foundation of the (Maoist) Communist Party of Austria >Tjen Folket - Communist League, Norway >Committee to Reconstitute the Communist Party of the USA

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>>337 >Start fighting peoples war >Get drone striked
Anybody here know what the fuck Leading Light Communism is?
Posting this book from the Maoist Jose Lora Cam. Idk the history behind it, only that the guy had to leave Peru in the 80's because the Aprista Killing Commandos put a hit on his life. Looks like he did a book about MLM in 1975.
>>2510 Not the "expert" on this, so feel free to check those books posted in the thread (like really, someone should get the second collection of complete works, from the 3rd plenary onwards. >>2958 We can argue that the yemenis are doing a people's war, not a maoist one, but a people's war (correct me if I'm wrong, I feel it) >>2966 Wasn't the group that has some stuff about maoism and third-worldism that Unruhe was supporting. I only know that, hopefully theyre actions in (was it Ghana?) give fruits.
>>3429 I only know of them cause of an "anarcho-maoism" thread which started out as a joke bu then someone talked about how some party members of the CPC had a vision of their ideal socialism which was de facto anarcho-maoism. Then he brought up LLCO, a communist org which talked more about this type of socialism and described their ideology (inspired by them) as a post-maoist communist ideology

How does the stock market work? Am I wrong in assuming that it has no direct link with the earnings of companies? Earnings go down, people expect other people to sell so stocks go down? Is that literally it? Because that sounds insane even for capitalist standards.
>>2080 It’s the same thing as a share except you don’t get any power over capital from it, but it still gets its exchange-value from the company through regular stock buybacks that basically “back” the stock (similar to how you back a currency, except the stock itself is being backed by a currency)
>>2080 A company can raise capital by selling ownership shares to the public in the primary market (investors pay company). The public can then exchange shares on the secondary market (investors pay investors). People don't know how much a company is worth or is going to be worth so they take a guess on the price to sell their shares or to buy another's shares. This guess is partly based on news on the company and the economy in general. People are going to rush to buy shares if they think they're undervalued and the sellers are going to raise their prices to capitalize. People are going to trip over each other selling shares at reduced prices if they think they're undervalued. Minute-to-minute price changes reflect changes in people's estimation of a company's value.

"Development needs or human agriculture has gone to evil" Comrade 08/20/2020 (Thu) 16:59:52 No. 3392 [Reply]
This is a post which I've found in redchinacn.org, which in turn was copied from Utopia internet forum. I think it's quite educational, so posting the machine translation of it here
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>>3396 <4. Farmland species diversity is damaged In addition to the accelerated loss of the diversity of major crops and their cultivars, the biodiversity of animals, plants, microorganisms, etc., which are closely related to agriculture, with farmland or soil environment as the core, has also been damaged. Many beneficial animals, marsh wet or aquatic plants, The species or population structure of insects, natural enemies of pests, fungi, bacteria, etc. have undergone significant changes, and their numbers have decreased significantly or disappear forever. The number of pest species and populations has increased sharply, and the abundance of farmland biodiversity has declined significantly. The United Nations report pointed out that in recent years, bee populations, which are closely related to crop pollination and yield, are dying out at an alarming rate, especially in the northern hemisphere. In the past 20 years, the number of bees in the United States and Europe has decreased by 30% and 10%-30%, respectively, while the size of bee populations in the Middle East has shrunk by more than 85%. In China, many studies and a large number of empirical evidence have shown that the population of beneficial organisms or natural enemies of pests represented by birds, snakes, insects, earthworms, nematodes and ants is rapidly shrinking, while rodents are typical pests. The population density has soared, and some major agricultural and forestry diseases and pests have continued to increase, and the damage has increased. The types or numbers of aquatic animals, insects, frogs, earthworms, algae, weeds, and soil organisms in the southern rice field ecosystem have decreased significantly, and diversity has gradually been lost. <5. The invasion of alien organisms is raging With the continuous deepening of global economic integration and the intensification of climate change, in recent years, the degree of damage from alien biological invasions worldwide has increased day by day, and more than 100 species of alien invasive organisms are recognized internationally as the most threatening. At present, there are 544 species of alien organisms invading China, of which 100 are more severely harmful, and more than 50 are internationally recognized as the most threatening invasive species. The direct economic losses caused by 11 invasive agricultural and forestry species such as Bemisia tabaci, Eupatorium adenophorum and Pine Wood Nematode each year amount to more than 57.4 billion yuan. Invasive alien species have posed a serious threat to national biosecurity, ecological security, industrial security and biodiversity, and caused major damage or damage to the agricultural and forestry ecology and natural ecological environment.
>>3397 The agricultural crisis: excellent work (TL note. excellent work ~ good practice) Trying to explore the main inducing factors of the agricultural biodiversity crisis:   <1. lagging in thinking and understanding One is the weak sense of crisis. For a long time, due to the limitations of understanding of nature and the objective world, the appearance of abundance of natural resources, and the deviation or misleading of public opinion, humans, especially Chinese, and even governments and management departments at all levels have a blind sense of superiority. , Resources and environmental concerns and sense of crisis are seriously lacking, and further foreshadowed the destruction of biodiversity and ecological environment. Second, the development concept is lagging behind. Long-term poverty and backwardness, material deprivation, and stagnant economic development have made the Chinese people excessively strong desire to get rid of poverty and become prosperous. Utilitarianism is so prevalent, the color is so strong that it is too short-sighted, and one-sided pursuit of economic aggregate scale and growth rate or unrealistic "leapfrog." Development, while ignoring the inherent quality and efficiency of development and resources and environmental costs. At the same time, misunderstanding the true meaning of development, simply equating "development" with growth, and blindly focusing on immediate benefits, temporary benefits, partial benefits and short-term benefits, which are scientific, harmonious, balanced, inclusive, and sustainable for development. The overall coordination and balance of sex and "people-oriented" lack sufficient understanding. The third is superficial understanding. Based on objective reasons such as the gradual, concealed, long-term and complex nature of the loss of biodiversity, many managers, especially farmers, and even scientific and technical personnel have not yet truly fully understood and grasped the importance of biodiversity in resource and environmental protection. And the important position, role and far-reaching significance in the construction of ecological civilization. Or still stay at the initial level of “pollution control” and “forest protection”, lacking basic knowledge or little understanding of the concept, connotation, and importance of deeper biological diversity, especially agricultural biological diversity, which brings about the loss of biological diversity. Little is known about its serious consequences, lack of understanding, vague or one-sided and superficial understanding, and serious weak awareness of agricultural biodiversity and genetic resources protection. <2. Unsustainable industrialization and urbanization

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>>3398 <3. Extensive agricultural and rural production and management One is the lagging development concept. Throughout the ages, from foreign to domestic, scientific research to production, obtaining the highest or higher agricultural output has always been the primary goal and even the ultimate goal of people's diligent pursuit. However, excessive, blind or one-sided pursuit of temporary yield indicators, immediate benefits, or short-term efficiency and efficiency has prompted people to rush to make manual selection and "survival of the fittest" from the start of the cultivation of new agricultural varieties, leading to the intensification of production links. Professional and large-scale operation and management. Large-scale simplification has continuously promoted the cultivation of high-yield "good" varieties and "unscrupulous" supplemented by all comprehensive measures for breeding and cultivation that capture high yields, ensure a bumper harvest and increase benefits, while ignoring the protection of germplasm resources and genetic diversity, and despising the ecological environment and The protection of industrial diversity ignores the long-term, continuity and scientific nature of production increase, growth or development. The second is the predatory development of agricultural natural resources. Based on the deviation of development concept and the limitation of understanding, the desire to pursue output value, increase income and efficiency, and get rid of poverty and get rich is too strong, and the objective reality of the belief of "relying on mountains to eat mountains, relying on water to draft water" has led to the destruction of forests and reclamation of wasteland from the sea (lake). (Land), blindly introducing species and disorderly development of wildlife resources, and other chaotic phenomena, such phenomena as indiscriminate logging, indiscriminate cultivation, indiscriminate grazing, indiscriminate harvesting, and indiscriminate introduction have been repeatedly prohibited. At the same time, rural construction is disorderly and out of standard, land utilization rate is seriously low, lack of planning, scattered layout, blind comparison, greed for foreign, over-occupation of cultivated land and extravagant waste and other undesirable tendencies coexist, resulting in a negative impact on agricultural resources, environment and biodiversity. Coercion. The third is excessive agricultural chemicalization. At present, the use of agricultural chemicals represented by fertilizers, pesticides, agricultural films and antibiotics in China ranks first in the world. The use per unit area is several times that of developed countries, and far exceeds the world average level and the internationally recognized upper limit of environmental safety. , And further showed a trend of sustained and rapid growth, with agriculture’s dependence on chemicals reaching more than 50%. At the same time, the effective utilization rate or recovery rate of agricultural chemicals has been hovering at a low level for a long time, resulting in a large amount of chemicals or toxic and hazardous substances remaining in the field or soil, which will cause serious damage to the agricultural ecological environment and biodiversity. The fourth is unsustainable water conservancy. There are still many extensive, unscientific or unsustainable elements in traditional water conservancy project construction and even modern water conservancy concepts or water conservancy process. For example, excessively large-scale or frequent, blind remote water diversion (diversion) and construction of dams and reservoirs, as well as increasingly hardened, cemented, and linearized river dams, ridges, ditches, and field roads, are greatly improving the drainage and irrigation capacity. At the same time as the level of flood prevention and disaster resistance, it may further lead to the destruction of water ecology or deterioration of the water environment, aggravate the fragmentation of farmland habitat and the crisis of agricultural biodiversity, and weaken the self-purification and self-balancing ability of the agricultural environment. The fifth is the risk of biochemical. On the one hand, the continuous selection, research, development and promotion of agricultural genetically modified or high-yield hybrid varieties has led to the gradual shrinking and even extinction of traditional local varieties and farm varieties, thereby accelerating the loss of genetic diversity, genetic diversity and farmland ecological diversity. At the same time, it is very easy to cause the invasion and damage of new major diseases and insect pests, resulting in a rapid change in the structure of agricultural organisms. On the other hand, gene drift and pollution, while seriously destroying the genetic integrity, diversity and viability of agricultural organisms, may further promote the growth of new super pests or increase the harmfulness of pests; residues of genetically modified organisms that enter the soil , It produces new toxins and harms soil organisms. <4. Deteriorating agricultural ecological environment First, the pollution of cultivated land is serious and the quality is degraded. At present, nearly 20% of the cultivated land in China has exceeded the standard of soil pollutants, about 20% of the cultivated land is polluted by heavy metals, 13 million to 16 million hm2 of cultivated land is polluted by chemical pesticides, and more than 25 million hm2 of farmland is polluted by residual plastic film. Large areas of soil Suffered from the pollution of nitrate, nitrite and other chemical fertilizer residues, the farmland affected by acid rain reached 2,667,000 hm2, and the area of ​​sewage irrigation area was 6.5 million to 7 million hm2. At the same time, the level of cultivated land nationwide is generally low, with poor or poor quality. More than 60% of the cultivated land has no water source protection; more than 40% of the soil is degraded, and the proportion of low- and medium-yield fields is as high as 71%; the soil nutrition imbalance is serious, desertification, saline-alkali Outstanding chemical and soil erosion has intensified. Second, the water environment is worrying. The environmental report shows that in 2013, China's surface water was generally slightly polluted. 50% of the top ten river systems were polluted; nearly 40% of the nationally controlled lakes reached pollution level; about 60% of the groundwater quality was poor or extremely poor; coastal waters More than 1/3 are polluted, and local pollution is serious.

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>>3399 <5. Climate change and natural disasters At present, global climate change is becoming more and more intense, natural disasters are frequent, and the impact is becoming more extensive and far-reaching. The continuous warming of climate and the dramatic changes in rainfall in time and space, on the one hand, can directly change the survival and development of agricultural organisms and the geographical distribution range, intensify the process of coastal soil salinization and swamping, and cause the shrinkage of agricultural habitats. On the other hand, it destroys the original agricultural ecosystem and agricultural biodiversity. Extremely severe droughts, rapid droughts and floods, rare storms (snow), sandstorms, low temperatures and freezing, high temperatures and heat, mudslides, etc., dominated by extreme abnormal weather and natural disasters are frequent and frequent, which has caused and is bringing direct damage to the agricultural ecological environment Or destroy, exacerbate the agricultural biodiversity crisis.
>>3400 Conclusion: Crisis In summary, China’s agricultural biodiversity crisis has quietly arrived and is becoming increasingly severe. Its causes are complex and multifaceted. It is not only closely related to direct, subjective, and controllable human factors, but also has objective and irresistible natural forces. Comprehensive role. But in the final analysis, human activities or man-made damage are the most fundamental reasons that lead to and aggravate the loss or crisis of agricultural biodiversity. It is the inevitable result of people's long-term deviation from objective natural laws, eagerness for quick success, and blind development. At the same time, the process of biodiversity loss is gradual, continuous, hidden, complex and irreversible, and its impact is extensive, profound, serious and lasting. Therefore, it is urgent to examine, understand, and protect agricultural biodiversity with a global vision, an international background, and the sustainable development of human society; only to fully respect nature, conform to nature, and respect nature, and completely transform the old, backward and unconventional. The rational traditional development concept and the extensive and inefficient development model, and the establishment and consistency of the scientific and sustainable "five major" new development concepts can effectively guarantee the agricultural biodiversity and ecological environment safety, as well as the harmony and co-prosperity of man and nature. >About the author: Jiang Gaoming, researcher and doctoral supervisor of the Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, professor of the Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, former deputy secretary-general of the China Biodiversity Conservation Foundation, deputy secretary-general of the National Committee of the Chinese People and the Biosphere, and deputy secretary-general of the Chinese Ecological Society , Is currently the deputy editor-in-chief of "Journal of Plant Ecology" and editorial board member of "Acta Ecologica".

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Amadeo Bordiga Comrade 06/13/2020 (Sat) 14:47:51 No. 1919 [Reply]
They're actually publishing a collection of his writings in English: https://brill.com/view/title/22024 Excuse the academic pricing; I assume Haymarket Books are going to publish a paperback edition later this year if not into the next.
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>>2976 incredibly based
>>2977 No; unfortunately Brill only ever distributes pdfs from the looks of it.
>>2976 Based-ass nigga right here
So is anyone here reading it? What are your thoughts thus far?

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Comrade 08/18/2020 (Tue) 16:44:15 No. 3029 [Reply]
>unironically citing Cauchy cringe

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Cool and interesting formulas/equations Comrade 08/15/2020 (Sat) 19:10:37 No. 3006 [Reply]
I want to get good at using math for things and practical issues but I'm kind of a brainlet. If you guys could post math formulas and equations for things, what they mean and how I can use them I'd greatly appreciate it. EG above
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E = mc²
If you are German I can just send you my analysis script. Teaches you everything you need to know about higher level mathematics.
Introduction to Electrodynamics by David Griffiths might be what you’re looking for. it goes over the math you need for the book and it teaches you all about electricity and magnetism which are very easy to experiment with by just picking up a breadboard and some wires and batteries.
What kind of things do you do? As someone with a maths degree it isn't all that practical. The most useful is probably trigonometry and just knowing algebra well, so you can rearrange equations to find out stuff.
>>3010 what's an analysis script?


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