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Education, Literature, History, Science

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9 out of 10 leftists have never read Capital SNLT 10/23/2020 (Fri) 05:10:43 No. 5108 [Reply]
Just gauging interest in a loosely organized Capital Reading Group. Not sure if a reading group has been done on here but we could agree to read a few chapters a week and then create a thread to discuss it or alternatively make a group signal/matrix for it. If there is no interest then please Sage or Ignore.
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>>6058 ideally i want this to dove tail into Vol 3, I also don't have the bandwidth to host another Vol 1 reading group unless someone wants to take that torch i dont mean to imply I'm doing really anything more than reading the chapters and participating in discussion
>>5139 I can't join. It says "no known servers"
>>6188 Whillikers!
This week we are reading chapters 11-14, and we will be dividing chapter 15 over the 2 weeks after. This may change with holidays but the plan is to start Part 5 after the new year.

Comrade 11/13/2020 (Fri) 00:57:42 No. 5904 [Reply]
How should I go around teaching a kid a new language?
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>>5905 >>5906 Sorry for the delay, thanks a lot for this material.
>>5904 Anki
>>5904 the best way to taech a kid a language is to speak it around them at home
>>5905 Thanks comrade. i am a esl kindergarten teacher and i really really need theory. My school has me essentially coming up with my own cirriculum. Is there any resources you could point me to on education theory ideally around: Montesori Kindergarten and child development english as a second language. I am fucking drowning here so literally anything you can send me helps enormously
Also anything to do with cirriculum creation. I'm reading a book called "how we learn" which is pretty obvious what its about, but it's taught me about spacing and the study test study cycle and what spacing tests are best at retaining knowledge at. My problem has been that i don't really know what areas of speech i should focus on. Should i teach them verbs and create stories around that that incorporates the target language? should i teach them common sentences? "how old are you? how are you?" etc I don't know if i'm actually teaching the kids anything. I mean i see them pick up some shit but i dunno mang. sorry babbling. but yeah, i could really use some help

/lit/ Comrade 04/12/2020 (Sun) 10:02:55 No. 808 [Reply]
What is your favorite book? What book influenced you the most? What do you like about books? what are you planning to read? What are you reading now? Saw this in /hobby/ but thought it fit more here
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>>808 >What is your favorite book? Gotta be between: Caliban and the Witch - it's a Marxist feminist analysis of the witch trials throughout history and the subjugation of women Towards a New Socialism - Do I have to explain myself on this one? Everyone here talks about it >What book influenced you the most? Hard to say, I feel like I always seek out books that fit my general internal development and they just act as a catalyst. Books that I've connected with the most when I've read them would be: Conquest of Bread The New Revolution Towards a New Socialism One Straw Revolution >What do you like about books? I learn stuff I guess, feels like I'm doing something important, idk >what are you planning to read?

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It was Chomsky's Profits Before People in High school, when I was about 16 or 17. The path to Marx and Lenin was very quick after that
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>>808 The Symposium, I think it's quite beautiful.
Does anyone have a pdf of qualityland? I can’t seem to find a full one anywhere
>>808 I'd say my favorite book was the original Thrawn novel, from the Star Wars universe. In terms of actual political literature, though, I thoroughly enjoyed TANS by Dickblast. Said book has been my biggest influence to date. I don't actually like books very much, and prefer PDFs. I plan on reading more of Cockshott's books, a few of which I've already covered. I'm normally too busy with trade school to read much, but it's still going bit by bit. That said, I'm not currently reading anything.

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How to learn economics? Comrade 12/10/2020 (Thu) 14:28:31 No. 6380 [Reply]
I consider myself fairly intelligent when it comes to reading papers, but I'm really struggling with this one. This paper is about an education program in Indonesia and the long term effects on the job market. I'm used to studying more sociological papers, but this also includes lots of statistical analysis and words like function and regression that I don't understand. Also, I've read this passage 10 times and don't understand it >The production function in the formal sector exhibits constant returns to physical and human capital combined. The fact that the increase in the share of educated workers led to a movement of workers from the informal to the formal sector indicates that the elasticity of substitution between labor and land in the informal sector is smaller than the elasticity of substitution between labor and capital in the formal sector. Can anyone help me? If I want to understand this stuff, what kind of courses should I be looking at?
I'm not a student but I read shit like that occasionally. The author is not making up a private jargon. The language is utterly generic econ stuff. So I don't understand how you can fail to understand it. You can and should just look up the terms you don't understand. Elasticity in economics means flexibility. If chocolate pudding varies a lot in price but I keep on buying the same physical amount month after month, then talking in Economese one would say that my demand for chocolate pudding is inelastic. Inelastic substitution between two things just means that having more of thing X does not help much with a lack of thing Y. (It's common in contemporary economics to not assume a general substitution rate like 5 X make up for 2 Y no matter how many units you have of each, rather it is usually assumed that the ability of the things to work as substitutes for each other gets worse the more you get away from the current proportions. This is not empirically derived, but based on the optimistic assumption that we are close to acting in a very sensible way about things like that.) Constant returns means that when you are cooking something and you multiply the amount of each ingredient by the same number, the output of what you are cooking also gets multiplied by the same number. If at least one of your inputs cannot be varied like you'd want to, economists usually assume that you can't have constant returns. This is obvious in the cooking example if you really rigorously just follow one recipe with no alternative inputs allowed. Economists usually assume that you can do some substitution still, so you still have bigger output than before, but the growth is less than proportional to the inputs that you multiplied, since you didn't multiply everything. Again, the regular assumption is that prior to your attempt at changing the output quantity you had sensible proportions.
>>6381 >>6381 >The author is not making up a private jargon I never said they were. I said that I needed help understanding it. Thanks for the explanation.The problem with looking stuff up on google is that they rarely give a direct answer.
For understanding neoclassical economics - which in turn is necessary to learning contemporary heterodox economics, because so much of the jargon is shared - https://www.core-econ.org/ may be useful. It's free, designed for students, and by mainstream econ standards avoids a lot of ideological mystification.
>>6381 Sorry, I read your exaplantion, thanks for assisting, but I still can't wrap my head around this idea, I think I'm starting to get it... > the elasticity of substitution between labor and land in the informal sector is smaller than the elasticity of substitution between labor and capital in the formal sector. by saying the elasticity of substitution between labor and land is relatively low, does this mean that because land is relatively fixed, we cannot simply import many workers to match the productivity, because at a certain point, we need the land to work on? And then on the other hand, in the formal sector, the elasticity of substitution between labour and capital is relatively higher, because you can substitute labour (i.e. people) for capital (and vice versa, i'm not sure if this is implied to go both ways or not??), and still maintain productivity? So are we saying that the formal sector is more equipped to deal with influxes of workers (or in Marxist terms, variable capital)?
>>6385 Yes. Where the author speaks of capital in the formal sector, he is thinking mostly of machinery and he is assuming that when the conditions of business change in the formal sector it's not that hard to change the mix of people and machinery to get something close to an optimal mix, unlike with land.

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Best editions/translations of the following Marx books? Comrade 12/09/2020 (Wed) 22:00:33 No. 6373 [Reply]
Everyone tells me Penguin Classic's translation of all of Capital is the best around but what about the rest? - Paris Manuscripts - Germany Ideology - Civil war in France - Feuerbach - Gotha - Grundrisse - Wage labor and capital
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Get whatever tbh.
>>6373 Just learn German
>>6387 Not an anglo so learning german would be pretty hard for me.
>>6390 >Not an anglo what's your native language then, anon? maybe if you tell us that we can give you recs based on your native lang and then you can look for those editions. I always prefer to read in my native language, even if I'm pretty confident in my english.
>>6392 Spanish.

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Anonymous 06/02/2020 (Tue) 16:41:07 No. 3034 [Reply] [Last]
what do the german anons here think of the german democratic republic ?
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>>3382 Never heard of it, not even from the likes of Hubertus Knabe. It's complete and utter bullshit. When Honecker resigned the DDR was already over, because the "reformers" who succeeded him, fully supported Gorbachev's intention to cede the DDR to the BRD, which was according to a Honecker interview given in 1990, already on the table in Moscow in 1984. There was also an SPIEGEL interview with Krenz about the situation in late 1989 an he claimed that Mielke himself left the decision over what to do with the protests to Krenz, as Krenz himself decided to do fuck all.
>>3036 We need to spread this to more comrades, it's wonderful.
>>4183 I was just about to inquire with some Germanons about how reliable those Heske papers are. Eye-opening if so - makes one wonder where Wikipedia's 1989 estimates of $9.7k and $5.1k (on the same page!!!) are pulled from.
who cares what g*rmans “think”

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African: culture, philosophy, art Comrade 07/29/2020 (Wed) 14:33:27 No. 2760 [Reply]
I saw this picture (pic related) on another thread, and I am actually pretty curious about the topic. Any good suggestions (books, videos, texts) for getting into African philosophy, culture and art?
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>>6332 what is the point of studying thinkers that believe the earth is flat?
>>6334 >People thought the earth was flat bf copernicus wrong you probably mean geocentrism but even that is not entirely true
>>6334 Circular Earth has been the norm since Anaxagoras and Plato.
>>6328 have you got a pdf of them
>>2914 kek

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Calculus Review General Comrade 11/26/2020 (Thu) 00:59:42 No. 6069 [Reply]
This is a thread to review/learn calculus. We will all be reading through James Stewart's "Calculus" 4e edition. see: http://libgen.rs/book/index.php?md5=67AF6FA4D6DAB692F81A09B6A2EBCC7B This is inspired by my need to review undergraduate mathematics due to work/school purposes. I'm a bit rusty and I've forgotten a ton of math. We will start by doing problems from his algebra review pdf which is prep for the calc problems.
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Based. I'm a maths grad and am free to help if you reach any impasses.
>stewart's calculus >not keisler's infinitesimal approach take the hyperreal pill
>>6073 3. 2x(x-5) = 2x^2 -10x 4. (4-3x)x = 4x - 3x^2
>>6092 How is this possible, did you just rote memorize the algebra rules you needed in Calc? You need a decent grasp on Algebra to pass Calc.
>>6355 Took Algebra 1 for 4th time in college and moved up literally all the way from there until Calc 2 it was really hard because I basically gave so little of a fuck past the 6th grade I still struggle with some basic calculations even after 2 years of non stop mathematics

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this chart Comrade 09/16/2020 (Wed) 23:42:22 No. 4178 [Reply]
How accurate is it?
I wikipedia this you wikipedia that based /his/ chart nonetheless
>nazis and soviets get high wackiness quotient >"our guys" and everyone else don't hmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmm
>>6356 The Canadian got 90%

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Anonymous 12/06/2020 (Sun) 18:45:48 No. 6362 [Reply]
>The free people’s state is transformed into the free state. Grammatically speaking, a free state is one in which the state is free vis-à-vis its citizens, a state, that is, with a despotic government. All the palaver about the state ought to be dropped, especially after the Commune, which had ceased to be a state in the true sense of the term. The people’s state has been flung in our teeth ad nauseam by the anarchists, although Marx’s anti-Proudhon piece and after it the Communist Manifesto declare outright that, with the introduction of the socialist order of society, the state will dissolve of itself and disappear. Now, since the state is merely a transitional institution of which use is made in the struggle, in the revolution, to keep down one’s enemies by force, it is utter nonsense to speak of a free people’s state; so long as the proletariat still makes use of the state, it makes use of it, not for the purpose of freedom, but of keeping down its enemies and, as soon as there can be any question of freedom, the state as such ceases to exist. We would therefore suggest that Gemeinwesen ["community"] be universally substituted for state; it is a good old German word that can very well do service for the French “Commune.” https://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1875/letters/75_03_18.htm What did Engels mean by this? >pic unrelated it's what comes up when you search for images of Engels
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>>6365 >Does he think the transitional state be exactly the same as the state that precedes it? It’s core function of class domination is the same, because class domination is the defining feature of the Marxist understanding of the state. The difference is that it now works to secure the proletariat as the ruling class. >because "state" does not adequately describe the dictatorship of the proletariat that is to be present in the transitional stage. Why not?
Ruling classes' power needs constant maintenance, therefore it constantly needs a state, therefore letting the state wither one day would be full retard.
>>6367 What if there's no ruling class?
It means the dictatorship of the proletariat is not about freedom, it is about destroying bourgeois power. Therefore it will be "authoritarian," "totalitarian," "oppressive," etc. There can be no freedom until classes cease to exist and the state fades away. We need to realize that his has been a weakness in previous attempts at socialism. We need a reign of terror that will make Stalin look like a pacifist.
>>6366 >It’s core function of class domination is the same, because class domination is the defining feature of the Marxist understanding of the state. Then why did Engels say the Paris Commune ceased being a state? >the Commune, which had ceased to be a state in the true sense of the term. If the Commune was a DotP according to Marx, how can Engels say it had ceased to be a state? States arise as forms of class domination 'out of' class struggle, but does that necessarily mean that what we consider a state is the 'only' form of class domination? For example, why can't a band of workers in a city get together and kick out, kill, exile all the land owners and appropriate their wealth? Is that not class domination in the absence of a state? >Why not? I don't know. Engels said the word "community" should be substituted for "state". I am asking why? Surely he didn't mean it as a stylistic choice, there must have been a reason why the word "state" and its definition became poorly suited for the task, for Engels, after the Paris Commune. Did Engels want to expand the definition of the "state" to include other forms of governing or did "state" refer to a particular historical form of class domination? >>6367 >Ruling classes' power needs constant maintenance, therefore it constantly needs a state, therefore letting the state wither one day would be full retard. That's close to what I'm getting at. Humans will always need some sort of organisation, a system of reproduction of society. Unless we're all gonna become a linked super-brain and humans will coordinate and build society together just as easy as we lift a glass of water and drink from it alone Why does organisation always have to be called a state, especially when Engels was ready to drop that term in 1875? >>6369 >it is about destroying bourgeois power. Therefore it will be "authoritarian," "totalitarian," "oppressive," etc. There can be no freedom until classes cease to exist and the state fades away.

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